Namibie - svůdná a nepoznaná

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Namibia

Namibie je zemí nesmírných přírodních kontrastů: pestrobarevných pouští s dunami o výšce až 400 m, drsných hor, hustých lesů, výpravného safari či návětrných pláží dravého atlantického pobřeží. Každý den putování nabízí nová dobrodružství, neopakovatelná setkání s původními obyvateli a pestrá střídání krajinotvorných vzorců. Namibie odvozuje své jméno od názvu věkovité pouště Namib Desert – dlouhého (1 600 km), úzkého (50 až 160 km) pásu pobřežní pouště plného života, v němž najdeme neobvyklé množství rostlin, stromů a živočichů dokonale adaptovaných na podmínky zdánlivě nehostinného prostředí. Namib znamená podle místního jazyka „nesmírný“ a poušť částí zasahuje až do jihozápadní oblasti Angoly. Namib Desert je považována za nejstarší na světě, neboť pamatuje suché podmínky před nejméně 80 miliony lety. Její extrémní suchost je způsobena tlakovou níží mrazivého vzduchu, která se stáčí podél pobřeží. Každoročně zde spadne pouhých 10 mm srážek.

OBYVATELSTVO
Podle posledního oficiálního sčítání lidu (z roku 2013) žije v Namibii 2,3 milionu obyvatel. S hustotou cca 2,5 obyvatel na 1 km čtvereční se řadí k nejméně obydleným státům světa. Namibijci jsou většinou příslušníky Ovambského kmene (50 %), zastoupení ostatních kmenů je nízké. 75 % Namibijců je gramotných a téměř 82 % jsou křesťané, hlavně protestanti.

VLÁDNÍ SYSTÉM
V Namibii panuje parlamentní demokracie s ústavu, která je vysoce hodnocena zahraničními pozorovateli. Hlavou státu je prezident, který je volen na pětileté období.

KRÁTCE Z HISTORIE
V roce 1884 se stala Namibie německou kolonií. Němečtí vojáci a farmáři zabírali domorodcům pastviny a zabavovali dobytek. V roce 1904 povstal proti kolonizátorům kmen Hererů. Povstání bylo potlačeno a mělo za následek tři roky trvající genocidu, které padlo za oběť cca 65 z 80 tisíc Hererů. Zbývající byli uvězněni v táborech, kde vykonávali nucené práce. Jejich půda byla císařským dekretem zkonfiskována a rozdělena mezi bílé farmáře. Během 1. světové války se Namibie dostala pod kontrolu Jihoafrické republiky, která ji spravovala jako mandátní území Ligy Národů. Po 2. světové válce byla země Jihoafrickou republikou anektována a nezávislost získala až po 106 letech v březnu 1990.

JAZYK
Oficiálním jazykem je angličtina. Němčina a afrikánština jsou ovšem rovněž velice rozšířené a hojně používané jazyky. Vedle toho existuje v Namibii 15 různých skupin hovořících přibližně 27 různými jazyky a dialekty.

Mariental

dní 2 - 3

Situated in south central Namibia, fringing the Kalahari Desert, the city of Mariental lies along the TransNamib railway and serves as the Hardap Region’s commercial and administrative capital. It provides an important petrol stop before heading west to Sesriem to view the red-orange dunes of Sossusvlei. Mariental is located close to magnificent the Hardap Dam, which is the largest reservoir in Namibia. The Hardap Irrigation Scheme has breathed life into this arid terrain, which is now fertile with farmlands covered in citrus, melons, lucerne, wine and maize, and dotted with ostrich farms. The dam is a popular holiday resort which draws city slickers from Windhoek and offers an array of watersports, scenic walks, and abundant wildlife in a 20000-hectare nature reserve set on its western bank; where visitors can spot rhino, ostrich, antelope, springbok and a variety of bird species.

Ubytování

Více Informací

Mariental

Hlavní Atrakce

Kalahari Namibia

Fish River Canyon

dní 3 - 4

Carving out an epic rocky wonderland in the south of Namibia, the Fish River has created Africa’s largest and the world’s second largest canyon. Hot, dry and stony, the Fish River Canyon measures a whopping 160 kilometres in length, at times 27 kilometres in width and 550 metres in depth. The awe-inspiring natural beauty of this ancient geological marvel draws visitors from around the globe. For those looking for adventure, the intense 85 kilometre Fish River Hiking Trail through1.5 billion years of geological history will definitely thrill avid adventure enthusiasts, and for visitors looking to relax, head over to the canyon's southern end to enjoy a soak in the mineral waters of the renowned hot springs of Ai-Ais, or take in the spectacularly scenic views from Hobas Restcamp as well as numerous other viewpoints along its rim. Other popular activities include: scenic chartered flights, horse riding, nature drives and seasonal kayaking.

Více Informací

Fish River Canyon

Hlavní Atrakce

Quiver Tree Forest

Fish River Canyon

Alternativní Ubytování

Canyon Lodge Gondwana Collection Namibia

Luderitz

dní 4 - 5

Sandwiched between the rugged and stark Atlantic Coast and the arid Namib Desert, the town of Luderitz is set in an incredibly unique geographical setting. This seaside town is something of an anomaly frozen in time – a piece of 19th-century Bavaria bordering the pinkish sand dunes of the Namib Desert. Lutheran churches, German bakeries, and colonial buildings boasting German art nouveau architecture are dotted about the settlement, while its windswept beaches are home to flamingos, ostriches, seals and penguins. The nearby ghost town of Kolmanskop, which has been taken over by the desert dunes, is one of the most fascinating area attractions, located approximately 10 kilometres from Luderitz central. Visitors can also take a trip to discover the wild desert-adapted horses located near the small town of Aus.

Ubytování

Více Informací

Luderitz

Hlavní Atrakce

Aus Luderitz Dias Point

Sesriem

dní 5 - 6

As there is no accommodation at Sossusvlei, visitors to this desert wilderness are likely to end up staying at Sesriem, 65 kilometres away, where camps and lodges serve as a base from which to explore the dunes. Sesriem Canyon, a deep chasm carved through the rocks by water, is a striking natural feature of the area that is best explored on foot. Stony walls rise up sharply on both sides of the canyon, while birds roost in its crags and lizards dart along the ledges. The canyon’s name was coined when early settlers used it as a water source, using six lengths of leather (‘ses riem – six thongs) tied together to lower buckets into the water at the base of canyon.)

Ubytování

Více Informací

Sesriem

Hlavní Atrakce

Kolmanskop Namib

Swakopmund

dní 6 - 8

Set along Namibia's spectacularly scenic coast, the seaside town of Swakopmund is known for its wide-open avenues, colonial architecture, and its surrounding otherworldly desert terrain. Founded in 1892 as the main harbour for German South West Africa, Swakopmund is often described as being more German than Germany. Now a seaside resort town, Swakopmund is the capital of the Skeleton Coast tourism area and has plenty to keep visitors happy. The quirky mix of German and Namibian influences, adventure options, laid-back atmosphere and cool sea breeze make it a very popular Namibian destination. Visitors can look forward to a number of exciting activities including: quad biking, horse riding, paragliding, fishing, sightseeing and fascinating desert tours.

Brandberg

dní 8 - 9

Situated in northwestern Namibia, the Brandberg (Fire Mountain) Massif is Namibia’s highest peak, at its zenith, the Königstein (King’s Stone), standing at a whopping 2573 metres above sea level. Named for the vivid shade of orange it sometimes turns at sunset, this is undoubtedly the main highlight of the region. The Brandberg has been sacred to the San people for centuries. The Tsisab Ravine at its base is permeated with over 45 000 ancient San rock paintings, including the famous ‘White Lady’. Visitors flock here to view this unique bushman painting, said to be over 2000 years old. Other popular drawcards include its untouched natural beauty and its free roaming wildlife such as mountain zebra, kudu, springbok, and desert elephant.

Více Informací

Brandberg

Hlavní Atrakce

Spitzkoppe Damaraland

Alternativní Ubytování

Twyfelfontein Country Lodge

Etosha South

dní 9 - 10

Located just south of the boundary of Etosha National Park in northwestern Namibia, Etosha South makes up the southern region of this wild paradise. Ongava Private Game Reserve shares the southern boundary with Etosha National Park and offers an array of luxury lodges overlooking picturesque landscapes dotted with abundant wildlife. The national park can be accessed via the southern entrance at Andersson’s Gate. Visitors can catch a glimpse of a variety of wildlife including: lion, giraffe, elephant, white and black rhino, and a multitude of plains game. Popular activities include: game drives, tracking rhinos on foot, guided nature walks, or watch the sunset over this magnificent landscape.

Více Informací

Etosha South

Alternativní Ubytování

Okaukuejo Resort

Etosha National Park

dní 10 - 11

Situated in northwestern Namibia, the Etosha National Park offers a premier game viewing experience. The park’s diverse vegetation ranges from dense bush to open plains attracting a variety of wildlife. Located in the heart of the park is the Etosha Pan - a shallow depression that covers an area of 5000 square kilometres. Dry and shimmering for most of the year, the pans fill up with water after seasonal rains, making it the perfect habitat for wildlife. In the dry season, the wildlife is attracted to the perennial springs and waterholes that makes for excellent game viewing. Visitors can look forward to world-class game viewing including a variety of large mammals such as lion, elephant, leopard, rhino, zebra, giraffe, a diversity of birdlife such as flamingoes and pelicans.

Ubytování

Více Informací

Etosha National Park

Hlavní Atrakce

Etosha National Park

Tsumeb

dní 11 - 12

Tsumeb, the largest town in the Oshikoto region and the closest urban centre to the renowned Etosha National Park, has been dubbed Namibia’s “gateway to the north”. It is also known for the famous Tsumeb mine, and as having the greatest number of minerals in one place in the world. The region is rich in exquisite semi-precious gemstones which can be seen in their full glory at the Tsumeb Museum. Visitors can stop in at the Arts & Crafts Centre, the Tsumeb Cultural Village, and the Old Mine, which documents Namibia’s rich history, before making their way to the famous Etosha. Don’t miss the opportunity to take in the town’s raw and beautiful scenery in a different way: go skydiving with the Tsumeb Flying Club.

Ubytování

Více Informací

Tsumeb

Hlavní Atrakce

Etosha National Park

Windhoek

dní 12 - 13

Situated in Central Namibia, the cosmopolitan city of Windhoek serves as the capital of the country. It is home to an international airport and a plethora of restaurants, shops, entertainment venues and accommodation options. The city is clean, safe and well-organised, with a colonial legacy that is reflected in its many German eateries and shops, and the widespread use of the German language. Windhoek has an interesting mix of historical architecture and modern buildings, many of which are worth a look, including the Alte Feste an old fort, the 1896 Christuskirche Christ Church, and the more contemporary Supreme Court.

Více Informací

Windhoek

Hlavní Atrakce

Hoba Meteorite Windhoek

Alternativní Ubytování

Montebello Guesthouse
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