Tanzania, the largest country in East Africa, includes the spice islands of Zanzibar, Pemba, and Mafia and contains Africa’s highest point—Kilimanjaro, at 5,895 meters (19,340 feet). Tanganyika, a British-controlled UN trust territory, gained independence in 1961; and Zanzibar, a British protectorate with an Arab population, became independent in 1963. Tanganyika and Zanzibar united to form Tanzania in 1964. Until resigning as president in 1985, independence leader Julius K. Nyerere guided two decades of socialism—adapted to the ujamaa policy of village farming. A multiparty system was established in 1992 after a constitutional amendment. Some 80 percent of Tanzanians farm or fish at subsistence levels; in many areas tse-tse fly infestation hampers successful animal husbandry. Tourism remains important. Dar es Salaam is the administrative capital, but Dodoma is the current home to Tanzania’s legislature.

Entry Requirements

On Entry

You will be required to present your covid vaccination card on arrival. Should you not be vaccinated a negative PCR test not older than 72 hours will be required


It is the responsibility of the client to obtain their own visas.  Please apply for the online visa between 1 – 3 months before departure (not earlier).

Most passport holders require a visa to enter Tanzania.  The cost is USD51.00 for a single tourist visa and USD101.00 for American Passport holders for a multiple entry visa.

Although visas can be obtained on arrival in each port of entry,  we recommend you purchase your Online “E visa” before travel to avoid delays on arrival. Please click on the following link for more information and the online visa - https://eservices.immigration.go.tz/visa/

Please Note:

  1. Evidence of Yellow Fever immunization will be requested to gain entry if you are arriving from a Yellow Fever Country. Please ensure you have had the inoculation at least 14 days prior to travel and are carrying your Yellow Fever card. 
  2. It is a requirement that you have a validity of 6 months on your passport at the time of travel and at least 4 blank pages in order to gain entry.

Banking and Currency

1. Currency - Tanzania Shilling (abbreviated to TSh or /-), divided into 100 cents.

2. Banks - Banks are open from Monday to Friday 09:00 - 15:30 and some Saturday mornings

3. Bureau de Change - Since currency and financial liberalisation,  Bureau de Change have become the usual means of changing money , travellers are advised to exchange foreign currency at Entry/Exit Airports only.

4. Cash/Traveller’s Cheques - There is no need to bring local currency. Clients should bring US dollars as first preference. Any personal expenses such as purchases from the camps curio shops can be paid for with Visa and MasterCard or cash. US dollars are accepted in markets and for tipping (per the suggested guidelines). It is a good idea to have a quantity of smaller denominations of US$ for distribution of tips.

  • Notes dated before 2006 are no longer accepted
  • High denomination notes may not accepted
  • Change may not be available for high denomination notes

5. Credit Cards - VISA and Mastercard are normally accepted in the better hotels, lodges, restaurants and shops in Tanzania. Note that credit cards are not always accepted, especially away from major centres. However, it should be noted that credit card transactions could take up to a few months to go through, especially from the more remote areas


Travel, Transport and Getting Around


Baggage is limited to 15kg/33 lb per person in soft sided bags including carry-on and camera equipment. PLEASE DO NOT USE HARD SUITCASES OR BAGS WITH WHEELS as bags need to be maneuvered in and out of light aircraft holds.


Tanzania has an extensive network of paved and unpaved roads,  driving in Tanzania is very scenic, however the distances are vast and could take up to six hours a day. Therefore flying is the most popular mode of transport in order to reach your lodge early to start game viewing.  Combining driving and flying can also be arranged in your private vehicle with a driver/guide.

Health and Medical Information

COVID REQUIREMENTS - Please contact your consultant for updated information regarding Covid.

Other Medical requirements:

Please consult your General Practitioner or nearest Traveller’s Medical Centre for advice on medical issues relevant to your destination. For additional information please consult the website for the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention - http://wwwnc.cdc.gov/travel/destinations/list

Safety Notices


All camps have 24 hour radio contact with their base support headquarters, and each game-drive vehicle has radio contact with camp.

The daily camp tariff includes an amount for emergency evacuation insurance, and in the event of a medical emergency evacuation will be arranged to the nearest town. This is where your own insurance cover will begin.


Quad-band cell phones on global roaming generally work from all major urban centres. They do not, however, work from many of the safari camps due to limited reception.


Internet access is limited throughout Africa and varies from camp to camp. Please refer to the camp information for specific details.


We strongly recommend you review the current travel advice for your country/countries of destination before booking and ensure you remain up to date with this advice before travelling.

Australia: http://smartraveller.gov.au/countries/Pages/default.aspx

UK: https://www.gov.uk/foreign-travel-advice

USA: https://travel.state.gov/content/passports/en/alertswarnings.html


We recommend that you register your travel with your local authority. These services are free and help locate you in case of an emergency. Updates to travel advice are also provided through the subscription service.

Australia - Smart Traveller service - https://orao.dfat.gov.au/pages/

USA - Smart Traveller service - https://step.state.gov/step/

Food, Drink and Cuisine Advice


Meals are best described as wholesome home style cooking at elegantly set dining tables. Meal times are geared around the best game viewing times and activities, and vary from season to season. In most camps you start the day with a continental breakfast of juices, tea or coffee, cereal or porridge and toast – prior to the morning activity. Following this a large brunch is served. Thereafter high tea is served before the afternoon activity. Dinner is served after the evening activity.

The camps can cater to specific dietary requests. Please advise your special requirements (at time of booking) and we will ensure your needs are met.


In most camps alcoholic beverages are included in the daily tariff. Bottled water is available at all times. Many people enquire whether they can eat salads (as ingredients have been washed in water), brush their teeth with the tap water and have ice in their drinks. In the camps we use there are no concerns in this regard.

Tap water in Tanzania is generally not safe to drink, and most travellers try to stick to bottled water. The camps, lodges and hotels you visit have bottled water readily available.

Climate and Weather

Just south of the equator, Tanzania is huge and its sheer size means that the climate varies considerably within it. Temperatures are moderate throughout the year with average daytime temperatures around 21-26 C / 70-80 F. June is the coolest month as it is mid winter

SUMMER: November to March
• Average Minimum: 17C / 64F
• Average Maximum: 29C / 85F

AUTUMN: April to May
• Average Minimum: 16C / 62F
• Average Maximum: 28C / 82F

WINTER: June to August
• Average Minimum: 10C / 54F
• Average Maximum: 23C / 76F

SPRING: September to October
• Average Minimum: 16C / 61F
• Average Maximum: 30C / 86F

Clothing and Dress Recommendations

As a rule lightweight, light coloured cottons are preferable. Avoid synthetic materials and black clothing, as they increase perspiration and discomfort. Garments of neutral colours that blend with the bush and forest are advisable for safaris and game viewing particularly if walking.

Suggested packing list:

The following is a guide to clothing and personal items:

  • 2/3 pairs of long trousers or shorts, 3 shirts, preferably long sleeved and collared. Clothing should preferably be khaki or neutral colour’s.
  • At least four neat casual clothes for evening wear.  Long-sleeved shirt and trousers (and the female equivalent) are recommended for keeping mosquitoes at bay in the evenings
  • A light fleece for morning and evening game drives.
  • 3 pairs of socks (cotton)
  • A lightweight waterproof jacket (preferably GORETEX or the equivalent) in case of rain
  • Comfortable closed footwear plus a pair of runners/strapped sandals (in case your regular footwear gets wet).
  • 1 pair of flip flops/sandals for the afternoons and evening
  • A wide brimmed hat or cap
  • 2 Pairs of light pants/jeans
  • 2 T-shirts
  • Underwear (sports bras recommended)
  • Swimsuit
  • Fleece and Tracksuit pants for the morning and evening game drives
  • Belt
  • Scarf & beanie
  • Sunglasses and an extra pair of prescription glasses
  • Binoculars and Camera
  • Cash for curios and tips (smaller denomination notes for tipping)
  • Travel Insurance information kept on hand

Toiletries as appropriate - soaps, shampoos and body lotion are provided in the camps however some guests like to bring their own.

  • Plenty of max factor sunscreen
  • Lip balm with sunscreen
  • Moisturiser or Vaseline as the air is very dry
  • Shampoo, conditioner and liquid soap of your choice (smaller bottles recommended)
  • Deodorant
  • Toothpaste and toothbrush
  • Wash cloth
  • Gloves/Hand warmers (optional)
  • Razor and Tweezers
  • Hairbrush
  • Hand/body - face lotion
  • Small insect repellent (the camps do have these, but if you want your own)
  • Antihistamine cream and tablets
  • Paracetamol in case of a headache
  • Rehydrate salts
  • Hairbrush
  • Hand/body - face lotion
  • Small insect repellent (the camps do have these, but if you want your own)
  • Antihistamine cream and tablets
  • Paracetamol in case of a headache
  • Rehydrate salts

As a final comment a daily laundry service is provided in most camps (except smalls), and is included in the tariff, so there is no need to pack too much.

Internet Availability

Tanzania has good Internet Service Providers with email and internet services offered by many hotels and lodges (free / paid). In most towns there are plenty of private business centres and cyber cafes offering email and internet access, although the speeds might be somewhat slower than what you are used to. 

Electricity and Plug Standards

Electric Power is 220V - 240V running at 50Hz. The Plug type used in Tanzania is the 3 large flat prong (UK). If your appliances are compatible with 220V-240V electrical output, an adapter is all that you will need, if not a voltage converter will be necessary.


Most camps have no access to regular electrical power as they are located in such remote areas. Camps are solar-powered or have generators on site that produce 220V electricity. These run for between 4-6 hours per day, when clients are out on game drives. There is ample electricity for charging batteries for video cameras/iPods etc. and most camps have adaptor plugs.

General Guidance


It is highly recommended that clients obtain comprehensive Travel Insurance cover. Please furnish Epic with a copy of your insurance policy prior to travel.
If you require assistance with travel insurance please click on the following link - Travel Insurance.

  • Hospitalisation and Repatriation
  • Cancellation and Missed flight connections
  • Loss of baggage and loss/breakage of valuables en route
  • Loss/breakage of valuables such as cameras


Digital cameras are the best for wildlife, with a good zoom up to 300mm or more. If you have an SLR it is a good idea to bring a point and shoot as back up. Remember to bring plenty of memory cards, spare batteries and battery chargers (Please check that you have all your chargers for cell phones, iPods, kindles, camera and video batteries).

If you need to or are interested in hiring a lense to take with you, here are a couple of websites for you to take a look at:

In the USA  - https://www.lensrentals.com

In Australia -  https://rentalens.com.au/index.php or http://www.camerahire.com.au/hire/digital-slr


Although tipping is not compulsory, if service expectations are exceeded, we recommend the following:

  • Airport/Hotel/ Porters carriers – USD2.00 per porter
  • Professional Guides/Tour Leaders – USD20.00 per group per day
  • Safari Driver/Guides – USD15.00 per group per day. This should be handed to the guide personally
  • General Camp Staff – USD10 .00 per guest per day. This can be placed in a communal tip box or handed to the camp manager
  • Kilimanjaro climbers - USD350.00 per person for the duration of the climb. This covers all staff on the climb.


The national language is Kiswahili, with English also in everyday use. Phrasebooks are freely available.


The current population is estimated at 59 million.


Christian, Muslim, indigenous beliefs


  • Scramble for Africa -Thomas Pakenham
  • The Shackled Continent -Robert Guest
  • Into Africa: The Epic Adventures of Stanley and Livingstone - Martin Dugard
  • Being Maasai - Edited by Thomas Spear & Richard Waller
  • The Worlds of a Maasai Warrior: An Autobiography - Tepilit Ole Saitoti
  • Safari – A Chronicle of Adventure - Bartle Bull
  • The Tree Where Man was Born – Peter Matthiessen
  • Lunatic Express – Charles Miller
  • Barefoot over the Serengeti — David Read
  • Africa Adorned - Angela Fisher Elephant
  • Memories - Cynthia Moss
  • Serengeti Shall not Die - Bernhard Grzimek
  • Kingdom of the Lions - Jonathan Scott
  • The Hadza - Hunter-Gatherers of Tanzania - Frank Marlowe

Animals - Conservation - Reference:

  • Almost Human – Shirley Strom
  • Elephant Memories – Cynthia Moss
  • Natural Connections – Dr David Western
  • Wildlife of Kenya, Tanzania, and Uganda – David Hosking
  • Mammals of East Africa – Chris Stuart
  • Field Guide to the Birds of East Africa – Stevenson & Fanshawe
  • Behavior Guide to African Mammals – Richard Despard Estes
  • Field Guide to the Reptiles of East Africa – Stephen Spawls
  • Safari Companion, A Guide to Watching African Mammals - Richard Estes

Movies & Documentaries:

  • The Ghost & the Darkness, 1966
  • Echo and Other Elephants, 1966
  • To Walk with Lions, 1999
  • Nowhere in Africa, 2001 
  • The Constant Gardener, 2005
  • Born Wild, 2011
  • African Cats, 2011
  • Planet Earth Live, 2012



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