The most famous Mayan archaeological site in Mexico, Chichen Itza transports visitors back to between the 9th and 12th centuries CE, when the ancient city was at its height. One of the largest Mayan cities in Central America, Chichen Itza’s highlights include the Kukulkan Pyramid and the sacred Cenote (a natural fresh water well that plunges 22 metres and was a key water source for the first settlers and farmers of the city). Kukulkan Pyramid, called “El Castillo” (the castle) by the Spanish, towers 30 metres above the ground, and once served as a temple to the god Kukulkan.